Standard
Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract.<span class='footnote'>Students need not use formal terms for these properties.</span> <span class='clarification'>Examples: If $8 + 3 = 11$ is known, then $3 + 8 = 11$ is also known. (Commutative property of addition.) To add $2 + 6 + 4$, the second two numbers can be added to make a ten, so $2 + 6 + 4 = 2 + 10 = 12$. (Associative property of addition.)</span>